The Wrightslaw Way
Special Education Law and Advocacy
IEP FAQs: What should be the “Effective Date” on IEPs?
“Effective date” means just what it says. If you write an IEP and put the “effective date” as the date of the meeting, then the IEP goes into effect on that date. If you are writing an IEP for the next academic year, the dates on the IEP should indicate that.
A special ed teacher asked this when confused about the school’s sudden change in policy. For ten years they had used the beginning and end of the school year as effective dates.
When doing a periodic review for an IEP, I always put the effective dates for the beginning and end of the school year. We are now being told that we should put the dates from when we have the meetings in March.
In some cases, especially for very young children whose needs change often, and for children with complex needs, the IEP should not be written for a full academic year. There is no way to know what the child’s needs will be 4, 5 or 6 months later.
It can be a mistake to write IEPs in March or April of 2008 that are supposed to meet all the child’s needs related to the disability so far in the future – i.e., between Sept 08 and May or June 09 (18 months later).
I feel like Wrightslaw misunderstood the original question. It seems to me that the dates of the program spanned the whole year, because that was the class the child was in. When the IEP was reviewed mid-year, do you change the program date to start mid-year, or do you keep it unchanged from the beginning of the year? Technically, the program started at the beginning of the year and that part of the IEP was not changed.
Hi, Does the date for the goals of an IEP have to be the same date of the IEP meeting. For example, the IEP meeting took place 8/16/2021 but the goals date is 5/20/21…
In an IEP amendment, a new goal was added. Does the date of the goal match the original IEP date (start and end) or does it match the amendment date?
What happens if you have an IEP with an end date the day after the annual review PPT? Since an IEP never expires, would it be necessary to request to the parents to waive the implementation date to start the new IEP sooner?
Can an IEP start date, start the next day after the meeting is held, or does it need to be pushed out longer?
Typically states make schools wait a certain number of days (5 school days in Texas) to give parents time to consider what they agreed to, unless the parent, & school agree to waive that rule.
An example of my afore mentioned post is the following: I have a student right now who used the virtual platform last school year. His IEP annual date is 10/2/21. We need his services to change now, so we are rectifying the situation by accelerating his annual review date. Instead of doing an amendment or waiting until October to amend his services and accommodations, we’re holding the meeting on Sept 9. We have assessment data that provides evidence for the need, and the student will have almost the entire school year to benefit from increased services.
The date of an IEP should be the date that the IEP services need to take effect, usually the day of the meeting, and the end date should the annual review date. The phrase “services provided during regular school hours” can be inserted. Additionally, there is already language in place to determine the need and services provided for possible extended school year. Personally, I put many accommodations in place for a student’s IEP. In the event that the student requires a significant change in services, that can be made effective with an amendment or initiating a new annual date on an IEP.
HI! For a senior graduating with a regular diploma, when is the end date? in my previous districts, it was always the date of graduation. But in my new district they want the IEP for a year. How can I say he has met his goals and objectives that are written for a whole year when he is graduating???
Hello, At my last school district, our effective dates were from when the IEP expired to the following year. However, my new school district told me to make the effective date the day of the meeting.
With this said, who is correct in this situation?
In my district it is the date of the meeting since that is when you are creating the new annual IEP.
I have several students whose IEPs runs through May 2021. It is a triennial year for all these students so testing needs to be done. The school psychologist decided to move all the review to March 2021 for no reason other than to lighten his load in May and June. Is this legal? All services and goals run through May 2021.
Yes. As long as the triennial is done anytime during the 3 year period it is fine. It’s actually a good idea to look at the caseload so that there is time to devote to each child and not rush things.
I have a question about high school IEP’s regarding a student’s graduation pathway, because there are 3 possible options (standard diploma, modified/career, and/or ability). In order to be eligible for modified-career path, students must have deficits in both cognitive abilities and adaptive behavior and be enrolled in career readiness classes. If a student has very low academic performance (standard scores 50s/60s) and there is a need for a comprehensive evaluation to assess adaptive behavior, should a Transition/Annual IEP be done for the next school year (9th Grade), when it is unknown what graduation path is correct? Is it best practice to state courses on the IEP for standard pathway in Transition IEP for next year or for current 8th grade year only?
Is this the same general rule as for IEP re-evals? For example a child is re-evaluated and their re-eval meeting takes place on 9/26 but it clearly states in the actions discussed were to be initiated 10/3. I had an attorney who filed due process against the re-eval based on 9/28 but the school district’s response was no the 9/26 was 2 year date. the OAH judge sided with the school district
If the end date of an IEP is the last day of instruction , example 5.22.19. What happens if snow days are added. Should the IEP state “the last day of instruction for the 2018-19 school year” or should the date that is on the school calendar be stated?
Logically the IEP should continue to the end of the school year in this case, unless another IEP has been developed. But your state may have rules on this.
We had met on an IEP prior to the 3 year eval, the district provided an IEP at the beginning of January. We partially rejected since no services were on the IEP. The district needed the evaluations done and we elected to have our own evaluation as well. We did not agree with anything and waited for our independent evaluation to be complete. After 5 and half months after our initial meeting we met and agreed upon an IEP. This was right before the summer. On the following school year the distict called to meet in December. The IEP they made had the dates of the first meeting that was prior to the 3 year eval to the following Jan. The IEP dates have 01/05-01/06, but the 5/17 as the next annual review. How can we have this corrected, we believe the IEP should be going to May not Jan
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Salary Review Date definition
Examples of salary review date in a sentence.
Query to display Name, Hire Date and Salary Review Date which is the 1st Monday after six months of employment.
If Your Total Face Amount is $150,000, the Multiplier is 3, the Insured's Salary on the Salary Review Date is $60,000, and Other Employer Purchased Insurance is $15,000, the amount of increase is $15,000.
If the Insured’s salary has not changed or has decreased as of the Salary Review Date , additional insurance will not be offered under this rider on that date.
While the Insured is actively engaged in employment at the Employer’s usual place or places of business as noted on the application for this rider, and while the Insured is performing normal daily job duties, increases are available on every Salary Review Date from the first Salary Review Date to the Salary Review Date nearest the Insured’s Attained Age 65, subject to the provisions of this rider.
The promoted probationary employee’s Annual Salary Review Date shall be the date of promotion.
Query to display Name, Hire Date and Salary Review Date which is the 1stMonday after six months of employment.
Any bonus scheme/s (if any) may be amended or withdrawn at any time of the Company’s discretion..6.3 The Basic Salary shall be reviewed by the Company with effect from each Salary Review Date .
However, the utility allowance dollar‐for‐ dollar disincentive constitutes an enormous regulatory and capital barrier to private owners of HUD‐assisted housing.
The second examination opportunity of each course takes place during or immediately after the end of the following study unit, with the exception of block 2 and 4.
EXAMPLE: If Your Face Amount is $150,000, the Multiplier is 3, the Insured’s Salary on the Salary Review Date is $60,000, and Other Employer Purchased Insurance is $15,000, the amount of increase is $15,000.
More Definitions of Salary Review Date
Related to salary review date.
Salary range means a set of salaries that form a part of a salary scale linked to a specific grade and, by extension, a set of job weights;
Monthly Salary Rate means the amount agreed to by Owner that can be used on Applications for Payment throughout the Construction Phase to account for the monthly salary costs of Contractor’s salaried personnel assigned to the Project. A Monthly Salary Rate must be established for each salaried person and must be approved in writing by Owner in advance of any Application for Payment for that person. The Monthly Salary Rate is for convenience only and any payments made for Contractor’s personnel are subject to audit to determine the actual cost of the wages and allowable employer contributions incurred by Contractor for services performed. The initial Monthly Salary Rate is included in Exhibit “G” attached to this Agreement.
Review Date means the date specified in the written statement as the date on which the pitch fee will be reviewed in each year, or if no such date is specified, each anniversary of the date the agreement commenced; and
Salary Reduction means the amount by which the Participant's Compensation is reduced and applied by the Employer under this Plan to pay for one or more of the Benefits, as permitted for the applicable Component, before any applicable state and/or federal taxes have been deducted from the Participant's Compensation (i.e., on a pre-tax basis).
Salary reduction plan means a benefit plan whereby school em- ployees may agree to a reduction of salary on a pretax basis to par- ticipate in the dependent care assistance program, medical flexible spending arrangement, or premium payment plan offered pursuant to 26
Yearly (1/Year) sampling frequency means the sampling shall be done in the month of September, unless specifically identified otherwise in the effluent limitations and monitoring requirements table.
Base Pay means Executive’s annual base salary rate as in effect from time to time.
Monthly salary means the gross amount paid to a participant making a claim under s. 40.65, at the time he or she becomes disabled within the meaning of s. 40.65 (4), by the employer in whose employ the injury occurred or the disease was contracted. Overtime pay may not be considered part of an employee’s monthly salary unless the employee received it on a regular and dependable basis.
Deferral Year means each calendar year during which the Director makes, or is entitled to make, Compensation Deferrals under Section 3 hereof.
Semi-annual (2/Year) sampling frequency means the sampling shall be done during the months of June and December, unless specifically identified otherwise.
Monthly Base Salary means 1/12th of the greater of (i) Executive’s annual base salary (excluding incentive pay, premium pay, commissions, overtime, bonuses and other forms of variable compensation) as in effect on the date of a Change in Control Termination or a Covered Termination, as applicable, or (ii) in the case of a Change in Control Termination, Executive’s annual base salary (excluding incentive pay, premium pay, commissions, overtime, bonuses and other forms of variable compensation) as in effect on the date of a Change in Control.
Base Period Income means an amount equal to the Executive’s “annualized includible compensation for the base period” as defined in Section 280G(d)(1) of the Code. For purposes of such opinion, the value of any noncash benefits or any deferred payment or benefit shall be determined by the Company’s independent auditors in accordance with the principles of Section 280G(d)(3) and (4) of the Code (or any successor provisions), which determination shall be evidenced in a certificate of such auditors addressed to the Company and the Executive. The opinion of National Tax Counsel shall be addressed to the Company and the Executive and shall be binding upon the Company and the Executive. If such National Tax Counsel so requests in connection with the opinion required by this Section 9(c), the Executive and the Company shall obtain, at the Company’s expense, and the National Tax Counsel may rely on, the advice of a firm of recognized executive compensation consultants as to the reasonableness of any item of compensation to be received by the Executive solely with respect to its status under Section 280G of the Code and the regulations thereunder.
Planning Period Balance means the entire period of time remaining in the Planning Period following the month that a monthly auction is conducted.
Average Monthly Compensation means the quotient determined by dividing the sum of the Employee’s then current Base Salary (as defined in Section 4.1 hereof) and the greater of the most recently paid Incentive Compensation (as defined in Section 4.2 hereof) or the average of Incentive Compensation paid over the three most recent years by twelve.
Annual Enrollment Period or "Enrollment Period" means the period before each plan anniversary so designated by the Sponsor and Lincoln during which you may enroll for coverage under this plan.
Annual Deferral Amount means that portion of a Participant's Base Annual Salary and Annual Bonus that a Participant elects to have, and is deferred, in accordance with Article 3, for any one Plan Year. In the event of a Participant's Retirement, Disability (if deferrals cease in accordance with Section 8.1), death or a Termination of Employment prior to the end of a Plan Year, such year's Annual Deferral Amount shall be the actual amount withheld prior to such event.
Base Salary Amount means the greater of the Executive’s annual base salary (a) at the rate in effect on the Termination Date and (b) at the highest rate in effect at any time during the 180-day period prior to a Change in Control, and will include all amounts of the Executive’s base salary that are deferred under any qualified or non-qualified employee benefit plan of the Company or any other agreement or arrangement.
Base Earnings means base salary and wages payable by the Company or a Participating Subsidiary to an Eligible Employee, prior to pre-tax deductions for contributions to qualified or non-qualified (under the Code) benefit plans or arrangements, and excluding bonuses, incentives and overtime pay but including commissions.
Annual Earnings means your gross annual income from your Employer in effect just prior to the date of loss. It includes your total income before taxes. It is prior to any deductions made for pre-tax contributions to a qualified deferred compensation plan, Section 125 plan, or flexible spending account. It does not include income received from commissions, bonuses, overtime pay, any other extra compensation or income received from sources other than your Employer.
Effective date of enrollment means the first date when an en- rollee is entitled to receive covered benefits.
Declining enrollment means a decrease in the School District's total enrollment or enrollment in a particular program or curriculum offering which in the sole judgment of the board of education may adversely affect the School District's current or future allocation of funds and/or the necessity of maintaining certain current or future class sections or curriculum offerings.
Plan Year means the calendar year.
Annual Base Salary shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3(a).
Base Compensation means the amount equal to the sum of (i) the greater of Executive’s then-current Annual Base Salary or Executive’s Annual Base Salary as of the date one (1) day prior to the Change in Control, and (ii) the amount of the Incentive Bonus paid (or payable) for the most recently completed fiscal year of the Company.
[Pennsylvania] What does Eligibility Review Date: under Claimant Summary mean in PUA dashboard
I was just looking over my payment summary from last week and noticed it says
Eligibility Review Date: 11/29/2020
Under claim details it says
Claim Under Review: No
Unresolved Issues: No
What exactly does that mean?
Assisted my aunt with her PUA in PA. They called to evaluate her claim and asked for previous W2 or pay stub info.
She was told it was to evaluate her weekly PUA benefit. Some people may need to verify no work due to covid.
She also had to verify her identity as there has been alot of fraud in PUA. Copy of her current license was needed. They also told her that there was more than one person collecting PUA at her home and it caused a flag as well. This was true as my cousin was on PUA for 3 months before returning back to work.
The next day all was resolved in her account.
Hope its just a simple case of making sure you are who you say.
Did she have the Eligibility Review Date posted in her payment summary? Or did they email her in her dashboard or just call out of the blue?
which number she called?
I have the same issue i also have a payment date so will i receive my benefits or will i have to wait for the eligibility review to happen
Did you ever figure out what the "eligibility review date" is?
I have an eligibility review date of 4/18/21 under the the weekly certification of 3/20 and it still says in progress. Did you get paid yet for yours.
Okay, one year later, and I'm here with the same question. My eligibility date is today, a Sunday? Why are all of these on a Sunday when the office is obviously closed?
hey Emily. Im in the same boat. whatever happened with yours?
people filing claims
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Why we usually can't tell when a review is fake
Human beings have always loved reviews: word of mouth has long been regarded as one of the most valuable marketing tools available to a company. But the internet has made us all review mad. We love giving reviews, and we have grown to depend on them, too.
Researchers have found that more than 99 percent of consumers read reviews online before they shop, and nearly three quarters of consumers say they've left an online review for a local business in the past year. Not only do we read a lot of reviews before we purchase anything these days, we also believe them: 49 percent of consumers say they trust reviews as much as they do personal recommendations from friends and family members. And younger people are particularly fond of reviews: 91 percent of 18 to 34-year-olds say they trust online reviews every bit as much as they do personal recommendations.
This isn't really surprising: the internet has expanded our product offerings a dizzying amount, and we need information about the mountain of goods and services before we buy them. Reviews are an obvious solution. The problem is that a lot of those reviews are fake. And, worse, we humans are not very good at spotting which ones are real and which are bogus.
Feeling out the fakes
Shabnam Azimi and Alexander Krasnikov of Loyola University of Chicago and Kwong Chan of Northeastern University recently published a study about how fake reviews manage to fool us.
Azimi says they started from a point that had already been well established by previous studies, that we humans are generally not good at detecting deception . And that's when we're face-to-face with each other. Trying to tell when we're being conned is even more difficult when we're using text.
The study used a dataset of 1600 reviews of Chicago hotels. Some of them were real; others were fake. The reviews were presented to 400 subjects: each subject got eight reviews to read: a balanced set of two positive fake, two positive real, two negative fake and two negative real, presented in a random order. The reviews were written by real people who were given information about the hotel and told to work it into the review.
"This is what happens in real life," Azimi says. "The writers of those fake reviews, sometimes they're hired by companies. They get paid a high amount of money and they have to sound pretty real." And not just to write a glowing review of a product or a hotel. "You can always hire somebody to write a negative review about your competition," she points out.
The results were illuminating, showing that consumers generally trust negative reviews more than positive ones. Moreover, we humans appear to have a bias towards assuming that positive reviews might be fake, Azimi says.
"Overall, negative reviews are less common than positive ones. So, that's why we pay more attention to them. So it's a totally different processing of positive versus negative information. But when a negative (review) is fake, we get fooled by it."
When asked why they thought a bad review was trustworthy, participants revealed that they assumed that a negative diatribe about a company would be more truthful than a glowing endorsement. They didn't fully account for the possibility that the reviewer might want to harm the business.
The characteristics of the con
Many of us believe that we can spot liars. There is a world of literature and research devoted to the study of the "signals of deception": gaze avoidance, fidgeting, restless foot and leg movements and so on. There's the Paul Ekman hypothesis of facial micro-expressions as indicators of lies. There are numerous professional courses offered, claiming that they can train a person to spot a liar.
But there is no scientific support for any of these hypotheses or approaches. In fact, the science suggests that our ability to detect lying vs. truthful witnesses is mediocre , at best. And that's when we're face to face with someone. So how do we stand a chance when we're reading something online, and we aren't able to see a person's mannerisms or expressions?
It could be that without those distractions, we might do better at identifying fakes. There is a theory that it's easier to determine whether someone is telling the truth when one reads the account of what they say, rather than seeing them say it.
Azimi, Chan and Krasnikov's study suggests that we're no better with text than we are in person, although the liar's tools may be different when he or she is writing, as opposed to talking.
When it came to faking a review, length was important to believability, as was detail. A long, negative review of a hotel, complete with lots of information, tended to convince participants. A lengthy, positive review, on the other hand, was regarded as suspicious, and participants tended to trust writers that kept their glowing reviews short.
Emotion was also important in convincing readers — or the lack of emotion, at least. Azimi says study participants tended not to trust reviews where the writers expressed their feelings in a big way. The more dispassionate that negative write-up, the more likely it was to take the reader in.
Other keys to a convincing review were the fluency of the writing, and the readability of the text. With a positive review, the more the test read like an ad, Azimi says, the less likely the participant was to believe it. Typos and grammatical errors, meanwhile, tended not to sway people either way.
Finally, the study authors wanted to see whether there was a certain type of person that was more susceptible, or more capable of detecting fakes. So they selected participants that conformed to the Big Five personality types : extroversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness and neuroticism. It turns out that people who display openness, and tend to be adventurous and intellectually curious, are better at spotting fake reviews than other personality types. Extroverted people, on the other hand, tend to have a harder time identifying a fake review.
The fake reviews written for Azimi's study were put together by humans, but increasingly, fake reviews are being written by machines . In the past, these bogus endorsements or critiques have been relatively easy to spot, but programs like ChatGPT and other neural networks are now being used to generate realistic reviews that can swamp a business's website.
Many companies that host reviews, like Amazon, Tripadvisor or Expedia use algorithms to weed out fake reviews. But Azimi points out that the machines are programmed by humans, and given our inability to sort the wheat from the chaff when it comes to fake reviews, this doesn't bode well.
The conclusion? When it comes to reviews, it's wiser to be skeptical. We can't be sure whether a machine wrote that review, or, if it was a human, whether they're telling the truth. We can't trust them. Unfortunately, it seems, we can't trust ourselves, either.
- fake reviews
Loan Review Dates: Overview
Learn how to check the review date of a loan.
Understanding Loan Review and Amort/Maturity Dates
What is a Review Date?
In approving a member to receive funds through an open-end or line of credit loan, the loan officer uses underwriting data that is based on a current situation and history of credit. To reduce the risk, the period over which the funds can be advanced on the loan are restricted. When the time for advances expires, the underwriting data and loan activity is reassessed, and the loan officer decides whether or not to renew the member's ability to continue borrowing.
The Review d ate field is similar to the expiration date on a credit card. Upon expiration of the card, the cardholder's account can be evaluated before additional credit is extended.
What is an Amort/Maturity Date?
In calculating a payment for a loan, a term or number or payments must be used to project the date when the loan will be repaid to a balance of zero. This projected date is called the Amort/Maturity Date in CU*BASE.
How do the two dates work together?
In most cases, the dates work together to define a borrowing period shorter than the term required to pay off the loan. It would be confusing if a member were allowed to borrow from the loan on the same day as the loan was due. Generally, as with a credit card, the borrower has the right to take advances on the loan up to the review date, and if the credit union decides not to extend the disbursement period, the borrower then has an additional term to bring the balance to zero.
ABC Credit Union offers a Home Equity Program where the borrower has the ability to take disbursements over a 5-year period, with the full term of the loan being 15 years. Therefore, if a member borrowed on January 1, 2011, he could take advances until December 31, 2016, but would continue to pay the loan off over the original term of 15 years.
Assuming this loan category was also set up with the “Maturity” payment change calculation method, as each advance was disbursed, the loan payment would be recalculated using the original amortization/maturity date of 1/1/2026, fixed from when the loan was set up. Therefore, the number of payments decreases with each advance.
IMPORTANT: If somewhere along the way someone changed the review date to be later and a disbursement was taken, it is possible the payment amount could suddenly become substantially larger since the system would be re-amortizing the payment over a much shorter period. So be careful with account maintenance done to these accounts, particular when using the “Maturity” payment change method that depends on that original amort/maturity date.
Credit Union XYZ offers a line of credit product. Payments are calculated using a three-year amortization period, but the ability to continue disbursements is based on a 24-month review period.
In this case, the borrower may continue to take disbursements over the first 24 months, with the payments being recalculated on a fixed term of 36 months. The loan department reviews the loan at 24 months and determines whether or not to extend the member's disbursement privileges, then moves the review date out another 24 months in preparation for the next review.
IMPORTANT: In this type of product it would be very important NOT to use the “Maturity” payment change calculation method. The review date can be moved further in the future than the amort/maturity date. As long as the maturity date isn’t being used to recalculate a payment that shouldn’t cause any problems, but for products that depend on that maturity date to calculate a payment amount, you might find that a disbursement suddenly causes a member to have a payment amount that is the entire amount due on the loan. (If a maturity date is in the past, upon payment recalc. using the “Maturity” method, the system assumes that there is just one payment period left and amortizes using a term of one month.)
How will CU*BASE users use this tool?
If the Use review date for disbursements flag is checked on the Loan Category configuration , the review date and automated payment recalculation tools are interfaced with all of the CU*BASE loan disbursement processes so that disbursements are not allowed past that date .
Loans should be reassessed based on credit union policy. For members which will be allowed continued disbursements, the review date field should be maintained on the loan account. The credit union loan department will need to run a report or use the CU*BASE Report Builder to determine which loan accounts are approaching or have passed their review date.
The reasoning behind this restriction is based not only on compliance issues, but also sound financial institution practices and the need to automate our loan disbursement process. Ensuring that CU*BASE will not lend to members whose approvals have expired is just one more tool in the arsenal designed to give the CU*BASE credit union the edge in the lending marketplace.
What about Written Off Loans?
The Review Date field takes on a new meaning after a loan is charged off using the Write Off Loans feature. When that tool is taken, the system automatically records the current date in the Review date field and renames it as Written off date on various inquiry and update screens.
NOTE: This enhancement was introduced in June, 2003. For loans written off before then, the Review Date field will not contain the exact write-off date unless the field was manually updated on the individual member record.
Viewing Review and Amort/Maturity Dates
The review date on a specific loan account can be viewed from the Account Inquiry screen. For loans that have been written off using the Write Off Loans feature, the Review date field will be labeled Written off date instead.
Using CU*BASE Report Builder to Review Loans
There are two tools which can be used to display loans which are approaching or have passed their Review date : Tool #453: Loan Accounts: Member 5 and Tool #481: LOC Accounts (MEMBER6)
In order to specify which loans you would like to see using either inquiry, the Review date (REVWDT) field is included in these specifications. This field can be used as a condition when the inquiry is run.
For example: Say you wish to see all LOC loans which have a review date on or before July 1, 2005. First, you would select Tool #481: LOC Accounts (MEMBER6) . When the “Select Records” screen appears, the following condition would be added:
In other words, display all records with a Review date less than or equal to (LE) July 1, 2005 (050701, in yymmdd format).
Updating Loan Account Information
Once member loan accounts have been reviewed, the Review date field can be updated to show the next date on which this account should be reviewed. Updating the Review date field is like issuing a new credit card with a new expiration date. Disbursements can then be made until the new review date.
To update the date, change the Review date field to reflect the next date on which this account should be reviewed on the Account Info Update screen.
BE CAREFUL! Depending on the loan it may also be necessary to update the Maturity date on the loan so that it will either match or come after the new review date. For example, on an LOC (MEMBER6 loan, once the maturity date is past, if the loan goes delinquent the system will automatically show a payment amount that is the entire amount due on the loan.
NOTE: If this loan has been written off using the Write Off Loans feature, this field will be labeled Written off date instead. (When a loan is written off, the date is automatically recorded on the account. For loans written off prior to June, 2003, this field must be manually updated.)
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Changing review date of company or scheme
Each year we send your company or scheme an annual statement shortly after the annual review date.
There are some cases where you may need to change your annual review date (i.e. to align dates across companies). A request to change a review date will be considered if the company or companies have:
- a common ultimate holding company
- a common officeholder
- a common responsible entity
- exceptional circumstances
We will not change the annual review date to assist a registered agent in managing their workload (i.e. spread the review dates of the companies represented evenly across the year).
How do I apply to change my review date?
- If I change my review date when does the new review take affect?
Will changing my review date result in two annual reviews for the year?
You can apply at any time if you are:
- an officeholder of the company or
- a responsible entity for a scheme.
To apply complete the Application to change the review date of a company or registered scheme (Form 488). Only one application is required if you want to align multiple companies or schemes.
You must include the application fee with the form.
It may take us up to 28 days to consider your application. We will write to tell you the outcome.
If I change my review date when does the new review take affect?
Changing your review date can result in two annual reviews in the first financial year. The annual review fee is only payable on the first annual statement and no charge applies on the second annual statement.
All other requirements do apply. This includes the need to review and change your details and pass a solvency declaration.
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Reference a web page by author and year: which date to use in citation; publication date or revision date?
I came to a web page where it says beneath:
Updated 3 September 2011 (first published August 2002)
When I cite this should the year be 2002 or 2011?
3 Answers 3
I searched for your question and found these content which may help you. I found that, in citation of web pages or online resources, it is better (not a must) to cite with the updated date and the date when the reader has accessed the online content.
In this web pages about APA , Chigago and CSE styles, under the update date it is written:
This date is when the page was last changed. The last update date of a web page is usually given at the bottom or top of a page. A posting date may also be given on the page one level higher (such as a page that is an index of articles).
Also, as a recommendation I read the following content on this webpage :
Date of publication or date of last revision The date a Web document was created or last updated is frequently listed at the bottom. If a document includes both a date of creation and a date it was last updated, use only the latter .
It seems that as there is no general rule about the date included in online resources, the writer preferred the revised date.
However, I also checked the following book
The Chicago Manual of Style , sixteenth edition ; essential guide for writers, editors and publishers; ebook, The University of Chicago press, 2010.
and in this section on the 1700th page of the PDF file,
the following guide is presented; as we see in the index of the document, this guide applies to websites and web pages :
14.8 "LAST MODIFIED" AND OTHER REVISION DATES Some electronic documents will include a date on each page or screen indicating the last time the document was modified or revised . There are no accepted standards for this practice, and for formally published material the date of publication is generally more important. A revision date should be included, however, if it is presented as the de facto date of publication or is otherwise the only available date. Such dates may be particularly useful for citing wikis and other continuously updated works.
On the contrary it seems that in the APA style, the preferred date is the update date rather than the publication date in the previous quoted text. In the apastyle website under a blog content about The Generic Reference: When? we read:
Online Documents Online material can be tricky to date properly. If the date is not apparent at the beginning of the document you’re citing, look at the end (e.g., APA Guidelines for Providers of Psychological Services to Ethnic, Linguistic, and Culturally Diverse Populations was finalized in 1990, so that’s the date to use). But look out for a footer that says, “This page was last modified on [date].” This is not the date to use! It could be the date that the document was published, but it’s more likely to be the date it was put online or the date when the webmaster added code for a dancing Freud to the page. Some sites place a copyright date for the website at the bottom of every page. Check a few pages on the site; if the identical statement appears on every page, it’s a site-wide footer, so that’s not the date you’re looking for either. (See "Zip, Zero, Zilch," below, for the best solution.)
As a conclusion; I found that if you want to cite an online content, pay attention into two dates; the date when you visited the online content and the date the content is created. If you have the date when the content is edited and updated, use this newer date. However, I recommend you to read the instructions of the style which you are using, they may have specific recommendations and guides on this issue. Also, be aware, it happens sometimes that the online content is written on an older date when the website update date is globally mentioned in the footer of the website's pages, you should use the date the page you are referring to is created or edited, not the date all the website is updated.
In the sensible future where updating and correcting on-line documents is not surprising, much as editions and re-printings of books has been understood for a long time, surely one should give all this information, much as what you quote. I think that the fact that many "standard" citation formats do not incorporate this is insufficient reason to ignore the reality.
Conceivably one could hope that the original version as well as all revisions are archived, but this currently seems not quite the case, although Google and other engines do a certain sort of archiving. If the archiving were "perfect", perhaps all versions of a document would have their own "doi" or other universal identifier, but at the moment this is simply not the case.
In particular, for an essential reference, one should probably create a local mirror, with due acknowledgements and disclaimers. I seriously think this is the new/future reality of "reference".
Edit: in response to the question "so which year, 2002 or 2011?", my point is both , with explanation. If there is a format constraint, try "2002/2011" or "2002/11". If the format constraints insist on four decimal digits, then you are in a minor circle of heck, and have other difficulties as well, ... :) ... On one hand, I'd suggest not allowing oneself to be constrained by such dysfunctional stylistic requirements, but I understand that one may have already chosen some software system that is shortsighted.
In the worst-case scenario, give the year of the version you used/saw. Pity if that cannot reflect the real story, simply for random formatting reasons. Reminiscent of the "y2k crisis", entirely that the Cobol programmers c. 1970 did not imagine that they'd be writing code that would still be in use by 2000.
- 1 So, which year should I use? 2002 or 2011? – sali Sep 20, 2013 at 23:58
- 2 What about 2002/2011? – J. Zimmerman Sep 21, 2013 at 0:07
- I strongly disagree. We don't (and I believe we shouldn't) cite the year the first edition of a book was published if we used a later edition. We only want to cite what we looked at since we have no idea what the previous versions said. – StrongBad Sep 22, 2013 at 14:57
- 1 @DanielE.Shub Sure, I'd agree that one should be forthright about what one literally looked at/used. At the same time, it adds information to note that the source might have existed (in an earlier form) for much longer than the most recent edition. I myself am especially interested in the scenario that someone's collected works, published very recently, are cited, while the original paper appeared perhaps hundreds of years ago. Even with standard monographs, the date of appearance of the first version is of interest, adds perspective. More information is better, up to a point? – paul garrett Sep 22, 2013 at 15:07
- 1 ... that is, acknowledging the existence of a source is useful, even if one hasn't seen it oneself. E.g., this can help explain the chronology, and sometimes causality. – paul garrett Sep 22, 2013 at 15:10
Many citation styles will tell you what to do. For APA 5 the format was:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved month day, year, from http://Web address
In APA 6 the format changed slightly to be
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address
with a clause that you should include the retrieval date if the source material may change over time. The page you are describe clearly falls into the may change over time category so you would essentially use the APA 5 style.
For your particular example the date of publication is 3 September 2011 and the date of retrieval is whatever date you visited the website. The August 2002 date is irrelevant. Think of it like citing a book with a 1st edition published in 2002 and a 2nd edition published in 2011. If you use the 2nd edition, you cite the 2nd edition.
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OTHER WORDS FOR review
Origin of review, synonym study for review, other words from review, words that may be confused with review, words nearby review, more about review, what is a basic definition of review .
A review is judgement or discussion of the quality of something. Review also means to go over a subject again as part of study or to look at something another time. Review has many other senses as both a noun and a verb.
A review is a critique of something—a look at something’s good and bad points. Reviews are very common in every industry, and many people rely on them to learn more about something they are interested in, especially something they want to buy. A person who writes a review is a reviewer .
- Real-life examples : You can find reviews of almost anything online, such as movies, books, vacation spots, and schools. Websites like Amazon, Google Maps, and Rotten Tomatoes offer reviews of things. Most companies will even boast about good reviews that they get.
- Used in a sentence : I want to see the new movie because I heard it got good reviews.
Review is used in this sense as a verb to mean to write or otherwise create (like a video) a review of something.
- Used in a sentence : Cho began her career by reviewing television shows for her YouTube channel.
Review is also used to mean to go over a subject again to master it or to remember the material better. Your school teachers likely reviewed previous lessons with your class more than once before a test. When studying a new language, you will review words and grammar rules many times to help commit them to memory.
- Real-life examples : One of the main reasons teachers assign homework is so students will review the topics they learned that day. College students will often review an entire semester’s worth of notes the night before an important exam.
- Used in a sentence : Diego reviewed the geometry chapters with his tutor to understand the math better.
Review is used in this sense as a noun to refer to an exercise or session that involves reviewing subject matter.
- Used in a sentence : Prof. Lopez led the review of the properties of the noble gases.
As a verb, review can also mean to read, view, or look at something again.
- Real-life examples : Someone putting together furniture will likely review the directions many times before they’re done. A chef will review a recipe that they are trying for the first time to make sure they don’t make a mistake. A writer will review their work for errors or grammar mistakes before giving it to an editor.
- Used in a sentence : Lola reviewed her letter to Santa Claus to make sure she included everything she wanted.
Where does review come from?
The first records of review come from around 1555. It ultimately comes from a combination of the Latin revidēre , meaning “to see again.”
Did you know ... ?
What are some other forms related to review ?
- reviewer (noun)
- reviewable (adjective)
- reviewability (noun)
- reviewless (adjective)
- nonreviewability (noun)
What are some synonyms for review ?
What are some words that share a root or word element with review ?
- review copy
What are some words that often get used in discussing review ?
How is review used in real life?
Review is a very common word that often refers to criticisms of products or to reexamining information to understand it better.
I’m happy to announce that, after almost a year, I have watched every episode of the Simpsons available on disney+. My review: pretty good. — Mac Bacon (@therealmacbacon) December 1, 2020
Spanish teacher: We’ll review for the exam tomorrow. The entire class: Um the exam is tomorrow? — Carson Artrip (@CarsonArtrip) December 19, 2017
Battery works! Got it up and running. Now I just need to review the directions on how to use the darn thing. — batgrl1970 (@batgrl1970) May 7, 2009
Try using review !
Is review used correctly in the following sentence?
Most critic reviews of the movie said it was terrible and not worth the ticket price.
Words related to review
How to use review in a sentence.
When in doubt, scour budget blanket review s to make sure the one you’re eyeing will satisfy your dreams.
The task force was meant to conclude its review and give advice in time for administrators to update the 2021-2022 academic calendar.
Marshall wrote in an email to VOSD that the Housing Commission staff have done an expansive review of research and methods other jurisdictions have used.
If your business has a great review rating and flattering review s, you’re very likely to earn a spot in the Google 3-Pack.
After earning rave review s early in the pandemic, Newsom is now under heavy fire, even from allies, for his handling of the coronavirus.
In an email exchange a friend said many had repeated this same succinct review but they could never elaborate.
“[I]ndeed, the Civil War was more or less administered from there,” an Esquire review asserts.
The tweets linking to the National Review , that bastion of LGBT equality.
In any case, I welcome the conversation as part of the review of the upcoming slate that we're doing tomorrow.
John L. Smith is a columnist with the Las Vegas Review -Journal.
And now I am going on to a review of the broad facts of the educational organization of our present world.
We haven't even seen a review of the piece; the footlights go up with a jump, and now the curtain rises.
Nothing will be easier then to throw the Poles into the shade of the picture, or to occupy the foreground with a brilliant review .
She did not perceive that she was talking like her father as the sleek geldings ambled in review before them.
It would have been a sort of review —in the face of the city of Dublin, in open defiance of all order and government.
British Dictionary definitions for review
- a publication containing such articles
- ( capital when part of a name ) the Saturday Review
Derived forms of review
Word origin for review.
One of the best sites for communicating inexpensively, Date.com offers a free account that allows members to set-up elaborate profiles and reply to messages.
The AskMen editorial team thoroughly researches & reviews the best gear, services and staples for life. AskMen may get paid if you click a link in this article and buy a product or service.
Pros & Cons
- Decent free account option
- Thorough search option
- No compatibility or personality questionnaire
- Clunky site
- No fraud check
For those of you acquainted with Matchmaker.com, you’ll find that Date.com looks awfully familiar -- not surprising when you realize that they are both owned by Avalanche, LLC. Launched in the late 90’s, Date.com is a standard dating site with an uncluttered and easy-to-navigate layout. The site hosts a varied pool of members, which makes it a good place to explore your personal preferences. And, since it’s free to sign up, develop a profile and send messages, it’s one of the better options for communicating inexpensively. Not to mention it’s very low commitment, since it only takes a few minutes to create an account.
Once signed up, members have the option of expanding their profiles by filling out a variety of open-ended questions, which is a good way to describe yourself and explain what you’re looking for on Date.com. You can also upload up to 11 photos, but each one can take up to 24 hours to appear since they all need to get approved by site administration before going up.
As for finding people to connect with, Date.com provides a couple different way of searching. Members have access to the Basic Search menu (like a quick search) at all times on the right-hand side of their screen, or they can dig deeper by using the Advanced Search feature. This option allows you to select what specific looks, faith, education, drinking habits, etc. you want to see in your results. Search settings can also be saved for later consultation.
On the subject of saving, members can save others’ profiles to their Favorites, which is helpful for keeping track of all potential interests. Consider it a “little black book” of flirtations. Members can interact with each other a few different ways, including via the site’s emailing system (free), instant chat (for paying members only), and Mega Wink (free, but you need to pay to personalize the feature). Using Mega Wink is kind of like throwing a catchall net into the pool -- you don’t exactly know what fish you’re going to collect. That aside, it’s a good way to get the ball rolling and warm up your chatting chops.
Once you get the hang of Date.com and exhaust all the perks of the free account, you may want to upgrade to one of the site’s payment plans. Doing this will get you access to some of the more advanced features, such as custom Mega Winks and instant chat.
It takes no more than five minutes to set up an account on Date.com . All you need to do is answer a few basic questions about your appearance, age and location. Once you have a profile, then you have the choice of filling out more detailed descriptions about yourself, things you like doing in your free time, favorite date spots, and how you imagine your ideal date. There’s also a section in your profile for you to add details like favorite movies, books, sports, and hobbies. Overall, for a simple dating site, Date.com is pretty thorough.
Note: You can indicate that you’re interested in guys, girls, or both. That said, Gay.Date.com (a Date.com counterpart) is designed specifically for the gay experience.
Date.com seems to attract a pretty wide range of members, but the advanced search is a helpful and effective way to narrow down your results. You can also search by who’s online if you like the thrill of chatting with someone right away. Once you’ve selected a member to get in touch with, you have the choice to either send them an email, show interest via wink, or save them to your favorites.
- Mega Wink lets you “blast a message to crowds of members [to] get tons of actions.” Date.com will suggest what message to send out, with examples like “Want to chat sometime?” or “Your profile is amazing.” Seems like a good way to get the ball rolling, but also a bit insincere to use too often. Otherwise, you can write your own Mega Wink message, but only if you’re a paying member. - The Favorites feature lets you save profiles you’re interested in and archives them in a tab for easy access. Similarly, you can save certain search settings if you think that you will want to repeatedly browse a specific type of result. - Site Activity is located in the top right-hand corner of your home page and is a great way to get a glance at all your profile stats, including: number of new messages, number of new members (+ near you), number of people presently active on IM, and how many people have viewed your profile.
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There's A Dating App That Lets You Review Your Dates
Was your date a "quality person"? Are you?
BuzzFeed News Reporter
Anyone who’s been on an online date knows surprises come with the territory. The people you meet don't always resemble their photos. Witty texters can be dull. Single people can be married.
A year-old dating app called The Grade is trying to eliminate surprises and keep people honest. The company, in the hopes of accomplishing this goal, recently introduced “peer review,” a feature encouraging people to rate their matches as “quality person” or not, and then add more detail from there. The Grade includes this information in a public rating of each profile.
“We really do believe this is now the holy grail in dating,” Cliff Lerner, The Grade’s CEO, told BuzzFeed News in an interview. “What is more frustrating than meeting someone on a dating site and finding out they're in a relationship? Or finding out they lied about their age? There's nothing you've ever been able to do about that up until this point.”
Lerner cited a number of statistics -- based on The Grade’s own research -- meant to support his claim. He said 71% of The Grade’s users believe peer review will help the app eliminate “creeps." Eighty-four percent of women, he added, said they feel safer on The Grade because of peer review. And 78% of women said they were more likely to “like” someone if they have a positive peer review. Eighty-eight percent of women said they wouldn't like a guy if he had a negative peer review.
Of men who had previously texted their business to a woman they met online, 90% said they would not do so knowing they could get peer reviewed, according to Lerner.
The Grade, using peer review and other factors, has kicked off 1,500 people for falling below its standards. To get kicked off, one needs to get Fs across the board, but it’s possible to get booted after sending a message that is reported by its recipient as abusive or picked up by The Grade’s technology and after human review, is found egregious.
The app has been downloaded 100,000 times in about a year of operation, according to Lerner.
The Grade stamps every profile with an actual letter grade, something I saw firsthand while using the app for the past few weeks. The letter grade takes into account everything from peer reviews, to how many people like your photo, to your spelling and grammar and how often you respond to messages. My grade is currently a B, but it’s been as high as an A-, and as low as an F. When The Grade kicks users off, it gives them a chance to appeal (thankfully, I didn’t get that far). New year’s resolution: respond to messages in a more timely fashion.
The Grade does sound somewhat similar to Peeple, the much-derided, still-unlaunched app pitching itself as a place to post Yelp-style reviews of, yes, people. But there’s one key difference, according to Lerner: There are no free-form reviews on The Grade. In other words, you can’t pen a screed about someone that everyone else on the app will see. Peer review grades, he added, only post if a number of people have rated you. That said, you can submit a peer review without even matching with someone, and most of the grades on The Grade follow a familiar pattern: people perceived as good-looking get the As, folks perceived as unattractive get Fs, and the people in between get Bs and Cs. This isn’t the case with every profile, but swipe around long enough on The Grade and you’ll see the pattern emerge.
One of the nicest things about The Grade is it gives you stats about how often you are liked when each profile picture is displayed. It then compares that against the average likes for people of your age and gender, so you know how you’re doing against the competition. This allows you to keep testing new profile pictures until one finally (hopefully) works, shortening the head-scratching period that accompanies almost every other dating app.
“The profile grade is simply based on how much of your profile you've filled out and also how often you're getting liked,” Lerner said, before citing some common problems people run into. “They either have pictures that don't tell anything about their personality,” he said. “... And they don't write anything interesting about themselves.”
Competing against established players like Tinder and Hinge, it’s hard to tell if The Grade’s approach will be enough to give it an entry into the competitive online dating space. But if it can eliminate an unsolicited dick pic, or two, it will at the very least make the world a slightly better place.
Contact Alex Kantrowitz at [email protected] .
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When citing a work on a website, should I use the original publication date or the last-updated date?
Note: This post relates to content in the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook . For up-to-date guidance, see the ninth edition of the MLA Handbook .
As the MLA Handbook notes, “When a source carries more than one date, cite the date that is most meaningful or most relevant to your use of the source” (42). Thus, if you are citing a work on the web that lists both an original publication date and a last-updated date, use the last-updated date or, if provided instead, the last-reviewed date. Providing the last-updated or last-reviewed date lets your reader know that the information you are citing is current.
For an example of a works-cited-list entry listing a last-reviewed date, see our post on crediting the reviewers of an online article .
MLA Handbook . 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
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Home > Blog > What Is a Case Review?
What Is a Case Review?
Many clients ask me about the case review. What is it? What does it involve? So, I thought I’d answer the four most common questions I get. What is the case review? That’s number one. Number two, what records are reviewed? Number three, how unique is each case review? And number four, is it necessary? Is it necessary before doing any appeal?
So, the first question is, what is a case review? Well, a case review is a review of a client’s case, to see what the issues are, what the possible avenues for appeal are. It’s in great part for me to get to know the person’s case so I can know what’s available. So that’s essentially what it is. It usually ends with a written report, but not always. So that’s what a case review is.
The second question is, what records are reviewed? Typically, I like to get as much as I can but usually, I can see very early which records will be relevant and I typically review the records that are relevant to the appeals options. For example, if someone was just convicted and just sentenced five days ago, then the transcripts from the court are going to be very, very important because the direct appeal is typically an option right after somebody is sentenced, after they are convicted. Whereas somebody who may have been convicted, let’s say 20 years ago, and they’ve tried all their normal appeals, and now they’re coming to me because a witness has recanted the testimony or there’s DNA evidence showing the person’s innocence or something that’s not really related to the transcripts, well then, I would review the other material. So, I review the material that’s relevant, not necessarily every document that was ever produced in a case.
The third question is, how unique is each case review? Each case review is unique. It shows what is available for that particular client, but there is also going to be material that might overlap with another client, for example, background material. If I’m explaining what is a certain type of appeal, what is a Writ of Habeas Corpus in this state, what is a direct appeal, I’ve had to the best of my ability formulated the best articulation of what that is, and that’s going to apply to multiple different people. But of course, then the application to a particular client; that would be unique. Another example might be, there could be multiple clients in similar circumstances who have the same general types of options available to them. For example, someone in a particular state out of a particular county who was convicted at a particular time, and their sentences craft in a certain way, they might have similarity to somebody else who has those exact same circumstances. But generally speaking, it is unique to that person. But also remember one other thing which is the case review is a little bit for the client, for them to know what’s available, but it’s also in great part for me to know about the person’s case. My goal for the case review is not just to share what’s available, but for me to become a little bit of a mini expert in the case. So, me reviewing the relevant records, reading about the case, communicating with the client, that helps me to get in a position where I can say, okay, I feel like I know, you know, level 1 on this case, ready to move on if that’s what the client would want.
The fourth question is, is a case review necessary? No, it’s not necessary. What I would do for a case review is what I would do when I would start any type of appeal anyway. I would get the relevant records, I would become familiar with the case, and that would help me to do whatever type of appeal is appropriate. So, the case review is usually a good first step, because I would be doing it anyway, doing some other appeal. And it’s also a good first step because sometimes an individual might think well, they’re really a great candidate for this new law, they’ve been hearing about it, they’re a great candidate for this thing the jailhouse lawyer has been talking about, but is that really true? So, I can do a review to tell a client, you know this might be a good option, this might not be a good option. I know you’ve come to me and you want to do XYZ type of appeal, but that’s not going to work. So, it’s helpful to do a review so I can share what is realistic, what actual options are. Some clients come to me and they say you know what, I know that I want this type of appeal, I know that I want, you know, a writ of habeas corpus, I was innocent, here is the evidence, and just, I don’t care about anything else. Fine, and I can do that. So, no, a case review is not necessary. I recommend it, but it’s definitely not necessary.
Any other questions, you’re welcome to call me . You’re welcome to call another lawyer at my firm . I hope this has been helpful. Thank you.
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When Is A Deadline A Deadline & When Is It Not?
Written by Martin Jinks and Vikky Lai
Often, legal documents will say that if a party to the document wishes to do a certain thing, notice must be given by a specified date. The lay person may be forgiven for thinking that if that deadline is missed, it is too late to give notice afterwards. However, this is not always the case!
Only if the Court concludes that ‘ time is of the essence ‘ in respect of that date, will it regard it as an unbreakable deadline. Otherwise, the Court’s requirement will be that it be done within a reasonable time.
Rent review date
A good example of this is where a landlord has a right in a lease to call for a rent review on a defined ‘Rent Review Date’. The lease will often say that if the landlord wishes to exercise this right to a rent review, then the landlord must say give written notice to the tenant at least three months before the rent review date. However, unless the lease says that ‘ time is of the essence ’ in this respect, the landlord may still be allowed to trigger the rent review later.
The reason is that the Courts are influenced, in part, by the potential disadvantage to the landlord (in terms of potential loss of rent) if strict adherence to the rent review date was required. This is set against the ability of the tenant to take matters into its own hands if strict adherence was not required, as tenants usually have the ability to serve notice on the landlord to make ‘ time of the essence ’.
However, there are other situations where the Courts will treat a deadline as ‘ time of the essence ’, even when this is not expressly stated and agreed in the document.
One usual situation would be if one party will be heavily disadvantaged by the other’s failure to serve the relevant notice by the specified date. For example, take a lease where the tenant has a right to terminate the lease one year after the rent review date. If the landlord tried to trigger the rent review date to increase the rent at a later date than specified, the tenant (who has to make the decision whether or not to terminate the lease, but would not know the landlord wanted to increase the rent) may be prejudiced. As such, the Court may reject the landlord’s right to trigger the rent belatedly.
Another example emerged from the following case which was reported recently.
Kensquare Limited v Boakye  EWCA Civ 1725
Here, the right in question was the right for the Landlord of an apartment block to serve notice late to increase the ‘on-account service charge payment’ due from the Apartment Lease Owners (i.e. the ‘Tenants’ under their Apartment 125-year leases).
The Leases said that the Tenants should each pay £180 twice yearly on the 1 April and 1 October each year, on account of the service charge they would have to pay when the year-end service charge accounts were settled. If the Landlord wished to increase the on-account payments, then the Landlord should serve notice on the Tenants of such intention “ not less than one month prior to the commencement of that financial year [i.e. 1 April] ”. The Landlord had sent a letter to the Tenant in August 2019 requesting payment of half-yearly instalments in excess of £180 per half-year for periods running from 1 April 2018, 1 October 2018, and 1 April 2019. The Court of Appeal held that the letter of August 2019 did not operate as a notice to increase the maintenance contribution under clause 4(2)(x). Time was of the essence for the service of such notice.
In contrast to the rent review situation, where dates for service of rent review notices are not usually considered to be ‘ of the essence ’, the Landlord was unlikely to be heavily disadvantaged by a requirement for strict compliance. All that the Landlord was prevented from doing was to increase the interim service charge. Time would not be of the essence in respect of the levying of a final service charge at the end of a financial year. However, a Tenant needed to know in advance of any service charge year whether ongoing service contributions were to increase. So the time for service of the Landlord’s notice increasing the on-account payment was determined to be ‘ of the essence ’; the Landlord had missed the date and could not belatedly trigger the increase.
The lesson is:
‘If you want a deadline to be a deadline, say in the document that in respect of that date ‘time is of the essence’.
How can we help
For advice on or further information concerning the subjects discussed in this article, please contact Martin Jinks (Notary and Solicitor), Vikky Lai (Trainee Solicitor) , or another member of the team in Derby , Leicester or Nottingham on 0800 024 1976 or via our online form .
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Do you know what is worse than not having a policy and procedure manual? It is having an out-of-date policy and procedure manual.
Yes, all the work you have out into this project could be jeopardized if you do not maintain the manual by making timely revisions.
Changes in employment laws and regulations, and in the size and scope of your company and staff, may make your current policies obsolete. As a rule of thumb, plan on reviewing your manual every year or two for any necessary changes. Important changes can be made sooner to your online document. You can let employees know about the change via email and/or company newsletter.
If you keep each policy section on a separate page, and organize your manual in a three-ring binder, these changes and updates do not have to be stressful, expensive, or time consuming.
After you have revised the online document, notify employees that they can read the updated policy online by providing them with a link to the updated section. Employees then can print out the revised page, or pages, and place them in their binder, if they have a print manual.
Be sure to note the date of the change and the reason for the change on your revised policy page.
Technical updates are updates that occur between your scheduled review cycles for your manual. These updates provide clarification or communicate minor procedural changes (such as the changing of a department name).
Depending on how your organization is structured, you can usually make these technical changes without going through the formal review process.
However, when a manual requires multiple technical updates, a thorough formal review may be needed. Either way, be sure to flag these technical changes when it comes time for your formal manual review.
Do not waste time in making legal policy changes. Policies that are affected by changes to the law should be reviewed and made as soon as possible.
While some revisions come in the form of legal requirements, such new state or federal employee legislation, others may be spurred by problems that arise in your place of business. For example, you may not have seen the need for a no-alcohol policy until a drinking incident occurred.
Here are some steps to help you make sure your policy and procedure manual is up to date.
1. Perform an annual review of the entire manual, noting any areas of concern.
2. Look for policies that may not apply to your organization any longer. Has your company grown to the point that certain rules can no longer be effectively managed?
3. Have your by-laws changed? If so, your policies and procedures may need to change, as well, so that the important documents are in alignment with each other.
4. Has the legal environment changed in a way that impacts your policies? For example, have you moved to a different community? Are you conducting international business now? Have your hired independent contractors? Take the time to review current and pending employment legislation.
5 . Are your policies being effectively implemented and enforced?
6. Are they accomplishing their objectives?
7. Have you received any feedback from managers or employees on your policies? Are they requesting any changes?
Your answers to these questions and to others that are pertinent to your industry will help you make needed revisions. Keep a list of any issues that come up during the year, so that you can make a recommendation to your supervisory board about any needed changes.
Continuing to update the manual
Let's say you've just finished updating your policy and procedure manual. You wrote the updates, got them approved by management and by legal counsel.
You revised the PDF version and made printed copies of the changed pages available to all departments. You asked for, and got, written or electronic signatures to confirm employees read the new changes and understand that the new policy replaces previous versions.
You will have the revisions part of the hard copy given to all new employees. Whew! You can now breathe a sigh of relief, right?
Well, not exactly. Since this manual is a living document, you will be making these kinds of revisions on an ongoing basis.
Here are the basic steps for ongoing revisions:
1. Set a time for an annual or bi-annual review of your policy and procedure manual.
2 . Keep abreast of any governmental changes that affect your current policies, or require you to make new ones.
3. Partner with your company management as to the need for any new policies. Talk with them about suggested wording, and them research similar policies at other companies.
4. Proofread any drafts for clarity, conciseness, and for grammatical and typing errors.
5 . Ask your attorney to review any proposed revisions or additions.
6. Schedule a time to bring changes or revisions before your board of directors or your manual review committee.
7. Include the approval date on all changes and revisions.
8. Make approved changes online.
9. Notify employees via email, newsletter, memorandum, or posting of the new changes. Provide links to the revised PDF.
10. Require employees to sign a statement that they are aware of the changes.
11. Include the changes in any new hard copies of the manual.
Even in years when there are not any big changes in existing labor laws, you should still review your manual and make updates, as needed. When performing this review, here are a few areas to which you should pay close attention:
Anti-harassment and discrimination policies and reporting procedures : Well-drafted policy and procedures to deal with any harassment and discrimination issues will help limit your organization's liability. Be sure to keep up with current legislation in this area.
FMLA Policies . The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a federal law that requires companies with 50 or more employees to grant certain employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave each year with no threat of job loss. The FMLA also requires that employers maintain the health benefits for eligible workers just as if they were working.
Keep up with any revisions of these regulations and then make any changes necessary in your manual to ensure that you are in full compliance.
Technology policies : Is your policy too broad? Does it discuss outdated technology, such as pagers, but not address text messaging and social media posting? Is there confusion among employees as to who enforces your policy? If so, it is time to review your technology policy.
At-will statement : Your manual and any acknowledgment form should clearly state that employment is at-will and no company policy can be relied upon to alter that relationship.
Disclaimer : Your manual and your acknowledgment form also should include a clear statement that the manual is not a contract and that it is subject to change at any time.
In addition, here are some common mistakes to avoid in your manual. If you are revising your manual, look for these problem areas:
Introductory and probationary periods : Be careful that the language in this section does not imply that an introductory period is a guarantee of employment for any specific period. Alert workers that they are employed at-will during this period and throughout their time with the company.
Discipline and standards of conduct : If you include a disciplinary policy and procedure, be sure to state that you reserve the right to skip steps based on the severity of the problem.
Vacation time/sick days/paid time off : Clearly state how this time is accrued, whether it may be carried over from year to year, and whether it is paid upon termination. Be sure your policy language complies with state law.
Confidential information : Under certain circumstances, federal labor law grants employees the right to discuss topics, such as wage and benefits information, with both co-workers and with third parties, such as their union representatives. Be careful that the wording of a confidentiality policy does not appear to deny employees this right.
No solicitation and distribution : Does your company permit charitable solicitations (such as the sale of cookies for a school, or scout troop, or auction tickets from local nonprofits) in the workplace? If you do, then you may need to revise your solicitation policy. Consider electronic solicitations in your policy wording, as well.
Potential conflicts : Make sure the policies in your manual do not conflict with your by-laws, with your benefit plans or -- if you have employees in different states -- with the variances in state employment laws.
Doing the writing for an effective policy and procedure manual, be sure the wording of your policy is not filled with "legalese" or otherwise confusing language. Be brief, concise, and straightforward.
Avoid all-or-nothing words and phrases, such as "always," "never," "guarantees," "shall," and "shall not." Instead, use words and phrases, such as "usually," "often," "strives to," and "may."
As we have mentioned, it is a good idea to have your attorney review your phrasing to make sure your company is protected from any areas that could be left open to debate, or worse, litigation.
Don't go overboard with new policies. We can't stress enough that you can have too much of a good thing when it comes to policies.
Too many company policies can become restrictive to the point that they hamper your employees' innovation and creativity. Think carefully whether you need a policy after a one-time infraction, for example. Perhaps a well-written memo describing the event and management's response can be all that you need.
If safety or legal considerations are driving the push for a new policy, consult your attorney. You may find that the best way to protect your employees and your customers is not with a one-size-fits-all policy.
Also, as you add policies, look for ones you can delete. Technology may have made some of your old policies obsolete. Or, are some of your policies geared for a 50-member organization, when you now have 250 members?
In conclusion, a policy and procedure manual is a useful tool for streamlining the running of your business or organization. Both for-profit and nonprofit groups can benefit greatly from having a well thought out list of relevant policies and procedures.
Since the manual reflects the culture and the goals of an organization, the process of developing a policy and procedure manual should involve the efforts of many individuals. It should be evident by now that there is no one set of policies or procedures for an organization.
In fact, for many policies, any two people could write two different sets of procedures to carry out the same policy. Your goal, as someone charged with developing this important manual, should be to be as fair and as complete as possible.
No one manual could possibly deal with every situation that could come up in a company. In most companies, every day is different. Variables can include:
the number of people on duty
the time of day
the technology available
Manuals also differ depending on whether the organization serves the public or not, or whether it uses volunteers, or staff employees, or both. Many organizations typically need policies for the following topics:
Alcohol and Drug Use Policy
Benefits and Eligibility
Code of Conduct
Conflict of Interest
Discrimination and Harassment
Formal Complaint Process
Health and Safety
Hours of Operation
Learning and Development
Maternity, Parental, and Adoption Leave
Performance and Review
Use of Company Equipment
Carefully worded and standardized policies and procedures will save your company many hours of management time. They communicate rules and guidelines for the way your business is run. They also help to organize and announce plans for company growth. Their most important contribution is to communicate the company's investment in and appreciation for its employees.
We hope that we have given you the incentive and the necessary information to develop a policy and procedure manual that will be of help to your organization. Good luck!
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date of review vs Review date
A complete search of the internet has found these results:
date of review is the most popular phrase on the web.
date of review
10,400,000 results on the web
Some examples from the web:
- The Commission will also accept Amendment No 7.The date of review should indeed be changed to 1998 to take account of the time that has lapsed since the text was drafted.
- Date of review of economic conditions (12):
- The information and suggestions that Participants wish to put forward for this review shall reach the Secretariat no later than 45 calendar days before the date of review .
- We can discuss the dates of the review , that is fair enough.
- The obligation to cross-border cooperation was integrated, however, given dates of review are missing as well as the definition of activities to be taken in case of a crisis, as demanded from the European Parliament in the previous year.
- The date of the review will depend on the final expiry date of the regulation, which should coincide with the expiry date of the new financial perspectives.
- Date of last internal review of obligor as referenced in 'Bank Internal Rating'.
- In relation to existing installations, Member States shall apply the laws, regulations and administrative provisions adopted pursuant to Article 41 from the date of scheduled regulatory review of risk assessment documentation and no later than by 19 July 2018.
- To date no interim review of the reform of the wine market has been submitted.
- EBA shall submit those draft regulatory technical standards within six months of the date of the review referred to in the first subparagraph,
- j) the duration of the label classification(s), which cannot exceed a three- year period, and the next date of their review taking into consideration the pace of innovation of the product;
- the commencement and end dates of the review period referred to in Article 40 of Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/392.
- The latest review date of the inspection plan(s):
- Secondly, the setting in the draft of a review date of one year from its establishment in order to give consideration to conclusions arising from its functioning and established international norms in this area.
- Reviews carried out pursuant to Articles 18 and 19 shall be carried out expeditiously and shall normally be concluded within 11 months of the date of initiation of the review .
- What is absolutely essential is an up-to- date and comprehensive review of the situation as regards equal treatment of men and women in the Member States, as called for by Parliament on numerous occasions.
- Final provisions: These confirm the transitional provisions under the current regulations (EC) No. 1783/99 and formally record the proposed beginning and review dates of the regulations, as from 1 January 2007 and by 31 December 2013.
- Could the Council provide an up-to- date review of the current Palestinian-Israeli situation and the EU's role in this context?
- Notice of the date of the decision to review the decision of the General Court and of the questions which are to be reviewed shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.
5,530,000 results on the web
- The amount shall be adapted automatically, by increasing the base amount in euro by the percentage change in that index over the period between 20 March 2002 and the review date and rounded up to a multiple of EUR 100000.
- However, since information exists on possible future lead substitutes in these applications, it is appropriate to introduce a review date allowing to establish if the use of lead in these applications can be discontinued.
- Given that the review date laid down in Regulation (EC) No 1275/2008 precedes the entry into force of the first stage of the networked standby requirements, the Regulation review date should be postponed by one year.
- It is also crucially important to postpone the directive's review date for reserved services until after the year 2000, thus five years after the directive enters into force, rather than reviewing it in 1998 when it only enters into force in 1997.
- Where it is justified by the Union's interest, a tariff suspension is prolonged and a new review date is set.
- It is my view that this must be done before the normal review date .
- The review date for the regulation should also be brought forward from 2023 to 2016 to allow for a review and possible expansion of the central authorisation procedure if it is operating effectively.
- Welcomes the decision to give Turkey a review date in December 2004 striking the right balance between the irreversibility of the candidate status of Turkey and the necessity to meet the Copenhagen political criteria;
- In response to the letter sent by the chair of the Committee on Development, Mrs Morgantini, I am pleased to confirm that this review date will also apply to the development cooperation instrument.
- The text now puts back the review date to 2007, which gives much more opportunity for practical experience with after-treatment technology to be achieved before stages IIIB and IV are confirmed.
- The first review shall take place five years after the entry into force of this Directive and the successive reviews every five years after the previous review date .
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- What is the timing of Holika Dahan in 2023? Holika Dahan will be celebrated on March 7, 2023. The auspicious time for Holika Dahan will be 06:24 PM to 08:51 PM.
- What is the date of Holi and Dhulandi in 2023? This year Holi 2023, the festival of colours falls on March 8, 2023.
- What is the time to burn Holika? Holika Dahan is celebrated every year on the full moon of Falgun month. The Pradosh period is considered to be very auspicious for Holika Dahan. This year, the full moon date will start from March 6 and will end on March 7. On both the days, the full moon date will touch the Pradosh Kaal.
- What is the first day of Holi called? The first day is called Holika Dahan and is also or "Chhoti Holi"
- What should I wear in Holika Dahan? It is recommended to oil the hair and tie it up if possible. This is believed to keep away negative energies and bring good luck. Avoid wearing yellow/black-coloured clothes while performing the rituals of Holika Dahan.
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Sea of Thieves update: Season 8 Adventures, Plunder Pass, and more
What's on the horizon for the next Sea of Thieves update?
- Release date and platforms
- What's new?
- Patch notes
- Plunder Pass
Almost five years since release, Sea of Thieves updates are coming in thick and fast. With Season 9 on the way in March, it looks like Rare's multiplayer pirate adventure game is ready to fire another broadside full of goodies in our direction. Sea of Thieves lets you captain and crew your own pirate ship in thrilling PvP or PvE battles on the open seas of its open world. It's a charming romp through many of the best age of sail tropes, giving you cause to search for buried treasure, join up with interesting factions and even fight a kraken. In addition to being playable on Xbox One , Xbox Series X , Xbox Series S , and PC, Sea of Thieves is also playable on Xbox Game Pass , and is well worth taking advantage of if you subscribe to the service. Sea of Thieves is accessible, charming, and a great way to while away hours with friends on the high seas. Read on to learn all about what's coming up in the title's future.
Sea of Thieves update: cut to the chase
- What is it? Season 8 of Sea of Thieves
- When can I play it? Available now
- What can I play it on? Xbox Series X|S, Xbox One, and PC
Sea of Thieves: release date and platforms
Sea of Thieves is free for all players subscribed to Xbox Game Pass or Xbox Game Pass Ultimate . It can otherwise be bought across Xbox Series X , Xbox Series S , Xbox One , Windows 10, and Steam.
The latest Sea of Thieves update is Season Eight. Released November 22 2022, the new season brings a whole host of new features, including on-demand PvP combat, new cosmetics, and brand-new hideouts to plunder and explore.
What's more, Season 9 is right around the corner and is set to arrive March 16. Be sure to check out the trailer, below.
Sea of Thieves: what's new?
Sea of Thieves Season 8 is brimming with new features, some of which offer entirely new experiences that are likely to please even veteran pirates.
- On-demand PvP accessible at the Captain's Table of your ship
- Rewards for joining one of the game's two warring factions
- Explorable (and lootable) faction hideouts
- Special rewards for kill streaks
- Earn curses that'll turn you and your crew into ghosts or skeletons
- New Milestone Alignments for Captains to complete
- New seasonal rewards
- A new Plunder Pass with new rewards
- More accessibility options
Sea of Thieves: trailers
Sea of Thieves season 9 is on the horizon. It looks like there have been plenty of updates to loot, as well as some welcome balance improvements for world events. They've also increased the chances of encountering a megladon or the dreaded kraken. All in all, Season 9 seems to be full of quality-of-life improvements and tweaks to the game, all of which will add up to make Sea of Thieves even better .
All sorts of extra trailers and content can be found on the official Sea of Thieves YouTube channel (opens in new tab) . These include the trailer for the new Infinite Depths Collection (opens in new tab) , featuring designs inspired by Halo: Infinite . It also includes a trailer for the Sea of Thieves making-of documentary (opens in new tab) , which gives a fascinating peek behind the game design curtain.
Sea of Thieves: event details
Sea of Thieves Season 8 has been packed with all sorts of events, and we expect Season 9 to be no different.
Unfortunately, the most recent event, the Sea of Thieves Community Day has been and gone. On February 11 2023, players benefitted from a massive in-game gold, reputation, and Renown multiplier which correlated to the number of community Tweets on Twitter. With Season 9 dropping imminently, more events are almost certainly just around the corner. In the meantime, we advise all captains to keep their eyes firmly fixed on the game's official events hub (opens in new tab) .
Sea of Thieves: patch notes
Season 8 is now long in the tooth with Season 9 on the horizon., Rare has been gearing up for the next big update. However, Sea of Thieves has still been receiving regular updates in the meantime. Patch 2.7.3 arrived February 16 and bought with it matchmaking improvements as well as a Halo- inspired set of cosmetics for more fashion-minded pirates. The patch also came with a free emote and balances to Ghost Ship battles. The patch's download sizes for each platform can be found below:
- Xbox Series X: 8.99 GB
- Xbox Series S : 5.07 GB
- Xbox One X : 8.22 GB
- Xbox One : 5.07 GB
- Microsoft Store : 7.94 GB
- Steam : 6.75 GB
Sea of Thieves: Battle Pass
Sea of Thieves Season Eight Plunder Pass launched alongside the main season on November 22, 2022. While you'll need to buy it separately from the Xbox Store (opens in new tab) , there's a small discount for Xbox Game Pass subscribers. Here's the official description as provided by Rare:
"Purchase a Sea of Thieves Plunder Pass and unlock the ability to earn extra Seasonal rewards as you rack up Renown on your adventures! Season Eight's Plunder Pass contains the complete Ravenwood ship set including Collector's Sails and Figurehead, all three stages of the Ravenwood Costume that evolves as you progress through this Season's levels, and an especially generous 750 Ancient Coins (in addition to the 250 earnable through Seasonal progression). All cosmetics included are new to the seas, not even the Emporium has them in stock yet!"
- Check out our Sea of Thieves tips and tricks guide for how to survive on the high seas
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Cat Bussell is a Staff Writer at TechRadar Gaming. Hailing from the crooked spires of London, Cat is an experienced writer and journalist. As seen on Wargamer.com , TheGamer.com , and Superjumpmagazine.com , Cat is here to bring you coverage from all corners of the video game world. An inveterate RPG maven and strategy game enjoyer, Cat is known for her love of rich narratives; both story-driven and emergent.
Before migrating to the green pastures of games journalism, Cat worked as a political advisor and academic. She has three degrees and has studied and worked at Cambridge University, University College London, and Queen Mary University of London. She's also been an art gallery curator, an ice cream maker, and a cocktail mixologist. This crash course in NPC lifestyles uniquely qualifies her to pick apart only the juiciest video games for your reading pleasure.
Cat cut her teeth on MMOs in the heyday of World of Warcraft before giving in to her love of JRPGs and becoming embedded in Final Fantasy XIV. When she's not doing that, you might find her running a tabletop RPG or two, perhaps even voluntarily.
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Ghosted: release date, trailer, cast and everything we know about the action rom-com
Chris Evans and Ana de Armas star in Ghosted.
Sadly, most of us have probably been ghosted and/or have ghosted someone else. When you're the one being ghosted, you often wonder how a seemingly good date with someone could lead to absolutely no follow-up. Well, the new movie Ghosted offers up one possible reason for that — the other person is a highly skilled, globe-trotting CIA agent.
That's the basic premise for the Apple original movie Ghosted , starring Chris Evans and Ana de Armas and hailing from the director of Rocketman and the writers of the Tom Holland Spider-Man movies and the Deadpool movies.
What do they all have in store? Here is everything that you need to know about Ghosted .
Ghosted release date
Ghosted is set to premiere on Apple TV Plus on April 21 wherever the streaming service is available. It is not clear at this time if Ghosted is going to be released at all in movie theaters, as Apple has done for a limited time with many of its recent original movies, including Sharper and Tetris .
Check out other new movies coming out in 2023.
Here is the official synopsis for Ghosted from Apple TV:
"Salt-of-the-earth Cole falls head over heels for enigmatic Sadie — but then makes the shocking discovery that she's a secret agent. Before they can decide on a second date, Cole and Sadie are swept away on an international adventure to save the world."
The script was written by Rhett Reese, Paul Wernick, Chris McKenn and Erik Sommers.
Chris Evans and Ana de Armas headline Ghosted as Cole and Sadie, respectively.
Evans is of course best known for playing Captain America in the Marvel Cinematic Universe , though his last appearance in the MCU came in 2019's Avengers: Endgame . Since then, he has starred in the likes of Knives Out , Defending Jacob , Lightyear and The Gray Man ; he also had a memorable cameo appearance in Free Guy .
The most recent role for Ana de Armas, playing Marilyn Monroe in Blonde , earned the actress her first Oscar nomination . Some of her other credits include Deep Water , No Time to Die , Sergio , Blade Runner 2049 and War Dogs .
Evans and de Armas have worked together multiple times, including in Knives Out and The Gray Man .
The rest of the Ghosted cast are no slouches, as it includes Amy Sedaris ( The Mandalorian ), Adrien Brody ( Poker Face ), Tim Blake Nelson ( Poker Face ), Tate Donovan ( Rocketman ) and Mike Moh ( Once Upon a Time in Hollywood ).
Whether or not you want to agree with Chris Evans' Cole that his travelling to London to follow up with a woman he had one date with is a romantic gesture or a bit concerning, the craziness that follows looks to be a lot of fun. Watch the Ghosted trailer right here:
Dexter Fletcher is the director of Ghosted . Fletcher has had plenty of credits in front of the camera, but over the last decade he has led some big name projects behind it, including Eddie the Eagle , Rocketman and the Paramount Plus original series on the making of The Godfather , The Offer .
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Michael Balderston is a DC-based entertainment and assistant managing editor for What to Watch, who has previously written about the TV and movies with TV Technology, Awards Circuit and regional publications. Spending most of his time watching new movies at the theater or classics on TCM, some of Michael's favorite movies include Casablanca , Moulin Rouge! , Silence of the Lambs , Children of Men , One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest and Star Wars . On the TV side he enjoys Peaky Blinders , The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel , Saturday Night Live , Only Murders in the Building and is always up for a Seinfeld rerun. Follow on Letterboxd (opens in new tab) .
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Amazon kindle 2022 review: adorable, portable and affordable.
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Amazon Kindle 2022
The 11th-gen Amazon Kindle launched in late 2022 has been my travel companion and late-night reading device for about two months. It’s improved over the previous Kindle in almost every way. It offers a USB-C port (finally), a better display, and battery life – all packed into a more portable design. I’ve loved my time with the device, and here’s what you should know before upgrading to or buying a new Kindle.
Amazon Kindle 2022 review: Design and display
The latest Amazon e-reader comprises of small updates that make a big difference. The Kindle 2022 is lighter at 158 grams, and measures less wider. You won’t be able to notice the difference between the two devices side-by-side until you hold them and realize that the new one is less wider than the predecessor, making it more pocketable.
The big upgrade comes in the form of USB-C at the bottom. This means, you can now charge your Kindle with the same wire as your Android smartphone and laptop. This update was due for a while, and I’m glad it’s finally here. I no longer need to keep a separate Kindle charger – big win!
Like the 10th-gen e-reader, the Kindle 2022 features a 6-inch display. Unlike the more expensive Kindle Paperwhite, the display is still recessed under the bezels making it susceptible to collecting dust but this isn’t a big deal.
Amazon Kindle 2022 display
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But what’s like the Paperwhite here is the display resolution. The Amazon Kindle 2022 offers the same 300ppi resolution as its more expensive counterpart. This makes the text more legible on the small display. I had no problems viewing sentences in any lighting condition. While the Paperwhite sports 17 LEDs, Kindle 2022’s four LED system serves the screen size well.
You can’t adjust the color temperature on the Kindle 2022. That feature is still limited to the more expensive Amazon e-readers. It wasn’t a problem for me but if you are used to night mode that turns your smartphone display yellowish at night, you might have to go through a learning curve.
Overall, I find the design portable and the display bright enough to be read on beaches. But you’ll have to be extra careful with the Kindle 2022 on beaches or by the pool because it doesn’t have any sort of IP rating.
Amazon Kindle 2022 review: Software
The Kindle 2022 runs Amazon’s updated UI that was introduced in 2021. When you’ve setup the device, you get two options, Home and Library. I like to stay on the latter, since Home is filled with book recommendations that Amazon thinks you’d like to read. I am yet to find a book that I would buy from the recommendations. In Library, you can sort the books by a number of options like most recent, title, author and publish date in both ascending and descending order. It also allows you to view the books in the form of grid, list or collection. I stayed on grid for the most part.
You can toggle the book cover display option to set the cover of the book you are currently reading as the screensaver. Amazon also lets you choose the screen refresh option. I let it stay off because I didn’t want the refresh to happen after each page while I read short proses in Pillow Thoughts or A Gentle Reminder. And it automatically refreshes after approximately 25 pages, so you need not worry about that. The UI lets you choose spacing as well.
I find the UI a bit confusing. To go back to Home from the book, you need to tap at the top for the option to show up. I’d prefer it to show up like it does on the Kindle app on Android and iPhone – by tapping on any part of the screen. As of now, if you tap in the middle of the display, it takes you to the next page. I’d like that to change.
The Kindle 2022 lets you connect a pair of earbuds or headphones via the accessibility settings if you’d like the book to be read to you. The option is called VoiceView Screen Reader in the Accessibility menu. For poems that usually lack punctuations, it is not ideal. I don’t blame the reader because it doesn’t know where to pause or stop due to the lack of punctuations. But it could be a good substitute for reading while you’re on0the-go and want to stay immersed in the book. You can choose the reading speed to your liking.
What you can also do is share ePub books with your Kindle and read it on your device. All you need to do is email your ePub files to the supplied Kindle email address. It takes a few minutes to show up on the e-reader but it works.
Amazon Kindle 2022 review: Performance and battery life
The Kindle 2022 is faster than its predecessor. When compared to the 2019 Kindle, the 11th-gen Kindle is smoother and more responsive to touch. However, it’s not the smoothest or the fastest if you are used to your smartphone, which is a given with the e-ink technology. I’m using another e-ink tablet (Boox Tab Ultra) alongside this, and it is faster but it is also very expensive.
The latest Amazon e-reader also boasts double the storage at 16GB, which is a surprise because the $40 more expensive Kindle Paperwhite still starts at 8GB. But hey, I’m not complaining – more storage, the better.
According to Amazon, the Kindle 2022 can last up to six weeks with daily 30 minutes of use. It lasted me about two months on a single charge with sporadical usage. This is the best battery life on a $100 e-reader that I’ve come across in a long time.
Amazon Kindle 2022 review: Verdict
I consider the Amazon Kindle 2022 or 11th-gen Kindle a big upgrade ver its 2019 counterpart. With a better anti-glare display, long-lasting battery life, USB-C port and minute changes to the design for pocketability, the Kindle 2022 is a hit at Rs 9,999 or $99.
If you are a 10th-gen Kindle reader, the new one would be a good upgrade for you. However, if you are sure that you need a bigger display and you enjoy reading books by the seaside, you should consider the Kindle Paperwhite.
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What You Need to Know Before You Play Hogwarts Legacy
Hogwarts Legacy has already sold over 12 million copies, what are you waiting for?
Hogwarts Legacy has officially launched, allowing wizarding fans the chance to enter their own magical fantasy. The open-world RPG is set in the Harry Potter universe, and it seems like the game that many fans of the books have long hoped for.
The new game from developer Avalanche Software lets players experience the famed school of witchcraft and wizardry as a student in the 1800s, before the events of the Harry Potter books. Here are some basic things to know about Hogwarts Legacy, including when you can snag a copy depending on your platform.
What's the story?
Hogwarts Legacy players will "embark on a dangerous journey to uncover a hidden truth of the wizarding world," according to the game's website . You can explore Hogwarts Castle, where you attend classes. You can also go beyond it to new and familiar locations, per the website.
You can customize your character, choose a Hogwarts house and grow your magical abilities by brewing potions, mastering spells and taming beasts. Hogwarts Legacy sticks to the lore but doesn't adapt the Harry Potter books and films.
What systems can I play Hogwarts Legacy on?
PS5 , Xbox Series X|S and PC versions of the game launched on Feb. 10. A recent April release date for the PS4 and Xbox One versions has been pushed back to May 5.
We’re overwhelmed with gratitude for the response to Hogwarts Legacy from fans around the globe. The team is working hard to deliver the best possible experience on all platforms and we need more time to do this. Hogwarts Legacy will launch for PS4 and Xbox One May 5, 2023. pic.twitter.com/UjEIPXDZj2 — Hogwarts Legacy (@HogwartsLegacy) March 6, 2023
Nintendo Switch users will have to hang on even longer, until July 25, to play Hogwarts Legacy.
The game was first announced in 2020, and its release dates have changed multiple times . It's published by Warner Bros. Games under its Portkey Games label.
Is there early access?
The Deluxe Edition or Digital Deluxe Edition for PS5, Xbox Series X|S and PC included 72 hours of early access, starting Feb. 7.
The PS4 and Xbox One versions won't have an early access period.
Where can I buy Hogwarts Legacy?
If you're interested in the Standard Edition, you can buy the PS5 and Xbox Series X|S versions from stores, including GameStop , Amazon and Best Buy for $70 (about £57, AU$99). You can preorder the PS4, Xbox One and Nintendo Switch versions from those stores for $60 (roughly £49, $AU85). The PC version is available for $60 at Steam and the Epic Games store .
You can view more ways to purchase Hogwarts Legacy (including how to buy the Deluxe Edition) on the game's website . The Collector's Edition has already sold out , but you may be able to find it online for a markup. The official site breaks down what comes with each edition.
What are critics saying?
The game has a Metacritic score of 84 on PS5. (The score is higher on Xbox Series X|S, and a bit lower on PC, but the PS5 score is based on the most reviews, 84.)
CNET critic Sean Keane played the PS5 version and writes in a positive review that "it captures the wonder of the early books, with an intriguing original narrative, engagingly varied gameplay and intricately designed world to explore."
J.K. Rowling and Hogwarts Legacy
The game's connection to Harry Potter author J.K. Rowling has led her critics to call for a boycott, according to The Week . Over the past few years, Rowling has repeatedly made comments that mocked transgender individuals and infuriated trans advocates.
The Hogwarts Legacy website notes that Rowling isn't involved in the creation of Hogwarts Legacy. But her writing is the foundation for the project and she still makes money off of sales.
More on Hogwarts Legacy
- Hogwarts Legacy Review
- Hogwarts Legacy: Everything You Need to Know
- Will Hogwarts Legacy Run on Your Laptop
- Hogwarts Legacy: The Best PS5 and Xbox Graphics Options
The Best Nintendo Switch Games to Play in 2023
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Dead Cells’ Return to Castlevania DLC is joyous roguelike fan service
Alucard and the gang join forces with the Dead Cells crew for a romp
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Dead Cells ’ development studio, Motion Twin, has never been bashful about leaning into the roguelite’s Castlevania-inspired roots. From the 2D side-scrolling medieval levels to the Metroidvania-esque exploration systems that hinge on finding new exploration abilities, it’s obvious that Dead Cells owes a lot to games like Castlevania: Symphony of the Night . So it comes as little surprise that the team convinced Konami to hand over the Castlevania license to be fully integrated into the world of Dead Cells .
Polygon Recommends is our way of endorsing our favorite games, movies, TV shows, comics, tabletop books, and entertainment experiences. When we award the Polygon Recommends badge, it’s because we believe the recipient is uniquely thought-provoking, entertaining, inventive, or fun — and worth fitting into your schedule. If you want curated lists of our favorite media, check out What to Play and What to Watch .
It’s a big step for Motion Twin, which, thus far, has only teamed up with other indies for costume collaborations . Blending in a major, established franchise like Castlevania is another step entirely. And thankfully, the studio pulls it off swimmingly.
Dead Cells: Return to Castlevania is the fourth paid DLC for the game, and, at $10, it’s also the most expensive of the bunch. But for lovers of Castlevania, there’s a cornucopia of glorious fan service hiding within.
As with Dead Cells ’ past DLC packs, Return to Castlevania adds a new path through the game, bringing you to the outskirts of Dracula’s castle, over its well-worn drawbridge, and into the depths of despair that lie within. In practical terms, it consists of basically two new “biomes” inspired by the outer walls and the inner sanctum of the castle made famous by dozens of Castlevania releases. As with the other biomes in Dead Cells , there’s some random level generation at play with these new areas, so it’ll be somewhat different each time you make your way through. Within these zones, you’ll spot plenty of familiar sights, like skeletons throwing bones, haunted sets of armor hurling axes, and various other nods to the franchise.
The newly added visuals are a perfect re-creation of the Castlevania vibe within the Dead Cells aesthetic, which opts for a crunchier pixel style than the source material. And yet, the familiar landmarks, like Symphony of the Night ’s bizarre floating geometry to indicate a save point, are instantly recognizable. Helping to sell the illusion is a soundtrack new to Dead Cells made up of classics from the history of Castlevania, which you can choose to play wherever you are in the game , not just in the new biomes.
A few new boss fights, including Dracula himself, keep these areas filled with tension and laughs. In the lead-up to Dracula’s fight, for example, he might randomly appear and flip the entire castle upside down (in another hilarious nod to Symphony of the Night ). Touches like this are entirely in keeping with Dead Cells ’ tone, which, for a game where you play as a beheaded character, has always been surprisingly silly, and has never taken itself too seriously.
I’ve been enjoying Dead Cells since it first launched, and thus far I’ve been thrilled about Return to Castlevania . It’s one of the most polished and well executed of the game’s post-launch content. Castlevania fans, too, have plenty to swoon over, with numerous series references and large handful of unlockable costumes to discover, letting you explore Dead Cells as mainstays like Alucard, Richter, and Death itself. All we can hope is that this lays the groundwork for Motion Twin to pair up with other long-dormant franchises for similar passion projects. The Bubble Bobble x Dead Cells mashup is just begging to be made.
Dead Cells: Return to Castlevania was released on March 6 on Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, PlayStation 5, Windows PC, Xbox One, and Xbox Series X. The game was reviewed on PC using a pre-release download code provided by Motion Twin. Vox Media has affiliate partnerships. These do not influence editorial content, though Vox Media may earn commissions for products purchased via affiliate links. You can find additional information about Polygon’s ethics policy here .
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An offer review date is a scheduled day the seller will review all offers made on their home for sale. Instead of reviewing offers as they come in, all offers will be reviewed at once, on the same day. This doesn't mean an offer will be accepted on this date - just reviewed. It also doesn't mean that a seller must stick to the date.
Review Date means the date specified in the written statement as the date on which the pitch fee will be reviewed in each year, or if no such date is specified, each anniversary of the date the agreement commenced; and Sample 1 Sample 2 Sample 3 Based on 50 documents Remove Advertising
It's called the "review date" process. Local real estate brokers say in the hottest communities, as many as 9 out of 10 homes are being sold that way. For buyers, it means being prepared like...
Posted on 08/02/2008 by Wrightslaw — 69 Comments ↓. "Effective date" means just what it says. If you write an IEP and put the "effective date" as the date of the meeting, then the IEP goes into effect on that date. If you are writing an IEP for the next academic year, the dates on the IEP should indicate that.
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Assisted my aunt with her PUA in PA. They called to evaluate her claim and asked for previous W2 or pay stub info. She was told it was to evaluate her weekly PUA benefit.
The reviews were presented to 400 subjects: each subject got eight reviews to read: a balanced set of two positive fake, two positive real, two negative fake and two negative real, presented in a ...
The Review Date field takes on a new meaning after a loan is charged off using the Write Off Loans feature. When that tool is taken, the system automatically records the current date in the Review date field and renames it as Written off date on various inquiry and update screens. NOTE: This enhancement was introduced in June, 2003.
I go through the post carefully, you may try formula below in a calculated column (name it as Date of Next Review) =DATE (YEAR ( [Date of Full Review])+1,MONTH ( [Date of Full Review]),DAY ( [Date of Full Review])) Please make sure you select Date and Time as data type of the column. * Beware of scammers posting fake support numbers here.
Changing review date of company or scheme Changing review date of company or scheme Each year we send your company or scheme an annual statement shortly after the annual review date. There are some cases where you may need to change your annual review date (i.e. to align dates across companies).
A posting date may also be given on the page one level higher (such as a page that is an index of articles). Also, as a recommendation I read the following content on this webpage: Date of publication or date of last revision. The date a Web document was created or last updated is frequently listed at the bottom.
The definition of Review is a critical article or report, as in a periodical, on a book, play, recital, or the like; critique; evaluation. See additional meanings and similar words.
Date.com Review. One of the best sites for communicating inexpensively, Date.com offers a free account that allows members to set-up elaborate profiles and reply to messages.
A year-old dating app called The Grade is trying to eliminate surprises and keep people honest. The company, in the hopes of accomplishing this goal, recently introduced "peer review," a feature encouraging people to rate their matches as "quality person" or not, and then add more detail from there. The Grade includes this information ...
Providing the last-updated or last-reviewed date lets your reader know that the information you are citing is current. For an example of a works-cited-list entry listing a last-reviewed date, see our post on crediting the reviewers of an online article. Work Cited. MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
CSR Meeting Dates. This link will allow you locate scheduled CSR study section meetings by date, by Review Branches (RB), or by study section for the current review round. (This is primarily of value to NIH staff.) Last updated: 05/25/2022 13:19.
Reveal number. Private message. Posted on Oct 15, 2015. It means your lawyer and the prosecutor will meet to discuss the status of your case with the Judge. It allows the Judge to keep track of the cases on his/her docket and to set dates for any motions which your lawyer may want to have heard. It also lets the Judge keep track of the age of ...
So, the first question is, what is a case review? Well, a case review is a review of a client's case, to see what the issues are, what the possible avenues for appeal are. It's in great part for me to get to know the person's case so I can know what's available. So that's essentially what it is. It usually ends with a written report ...
Rent review date A good example of this is where a landlord has a right in a lease to call for a rent review on a defined 'Rent Review Date'. The lease will often say that if the landlord wishes to exercise this right to a rent review, then the landlord must say give written notice to the tenant at least three months before the rent review date.
Here are some steps to help you make sure your policy and procedure manual is up to date. 1. Perform an annual review of the entire manual, noting any areas of concern. 2. Look for policies that may not apply to your organization any longer. Has your company grown to the point that certain rules can no longer be effectively managed? 3.
The latest review date of the inspection plan (s): The review date for the regulation should also be brought forward from 2023 to 2016 to allow for a review and possible expansion of the central authorisation procedure if it is operating effectively.
What is the date, time and Shubh Muhurat of Holika Dahan 2023? - Purnima tithi for Holika Dahan will begin at 4:17 pm on March 6 and end at 6:09 pm on March 7. - The Holika Dahan tithi will last ...
The latest Sea of Thieves update is Season Eight. Released November 22 2022, the new season brings a whole host of new features, including on-demand PvP combat, new cosmetics, and brand-new ...
Ghosted release date. Ghosted is set to premiere on Apple TV Plus on April 21 wherever the streaming service is available. It is not clear at this time if Ghosted is going to be released at all in movie theaters, as Apple has done for a limited time with many of its recent original movies, including Sharper and Tetris.
The Kindle 2022 is lighter at 158 grams, and measures less wider. You won't be able to notice the difference between the two devices side-by-side until you hold them and realize that the new one ...
A recent April release date for the PS4 and Xbox One versions has been pushed back to May 5. ... and a bit lower on PC, but the PS5 score is based on the most reviews, 84.)
Dead Cells: Return to Castlevania is the fourth paid DLC for the game, and, at $10, it's also the most expensive of the bunch. But for lovers of Castlevania, there's a cornucopia of glorious ...