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## Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences

## Cited by (0)

## Center for Teaching

## Tips and Techniques

Expert vs. novice problem solvers, communicate.

- Have students identify specific problems, difficulties, or confusions . Don’t waste time working through problems that students already understand.
- If students are unable to articulate their concerns, determine where they are having trouble by asking them to identify the specific concepts or principles associated with the problem.
- In a one-on-one tutoring session, ask the student to work his/her problem out loud . This slows down the thinking process, making it more accurate and allowing you to access understanding.
- When working with larger groups you can ask students to provide a written “two-column solution.” Have students write up their solution to a problem by putting all their calculations in one column and all of their reasoning (in complete sentences) in the other column. This helps them to think critically about their own problem solving and helps you to more easily identify where they may be having problems. Two-Column Solution (Math) Two-Column Solution (Physics)

## Encourage Independence

- Model the problem solving process rather than just giving students the answer. As you work through the problem, consider how a novice might struggle with the concepts and make your thinking clear
- Have students work through problems on their own. Ask directing questions or give helpful suggestions, but provide only minimal assistance and only when needed to overcome obstacles.
- Don’t fear group work ! Students can frequently help each other, and talking about a problem helps them think more critically about the steps needed to solve the problem. Additionally, group work helps students realize that problems often have multiple solution strategies, some that might be more effective than others

## Be sensitive

## Encourage Thoroughness and Patience

## Teaching Guides

- Online Course Development Resources
- Principles & Frameworks
- Pedagogies & Strategies
- Reflecting & Assessing
- Challenges & Opportunities
- Populations & Contexts

## IMAGES

## VIDEO

## COMMENTS

This study examined three different strategies in order to examine the effects it has on students' understanding of word problems. Students were taught the.

As soon as the students develop and refine their own repertoire of problem-solving strategies, teachers can highlight or concentrate on a particular strategy

emphasis on problem-solving skills (Bottge & Cho, 2013). In the field of special education, research has identified strategy instruction as a powerful means

The purpose of this study was to examine the role of exploration strategies students used in the first phase of problem solving.

Identifying the problem allows you to see which steps need to be taken to solve it. First, break the problem down into achievable blocks. Then

“Nested” strategies are described. Research is summarized of the cognitive and attitudinal processing used when we solve problems. The

this research was to investigate students' problem solving strategies ... mathematics classrooms have been currently changed to a more insight-based problem.

During the research, the experiment group has been trained about problem solving strategies in mathematics classes by the researcher while the control group was

that student has not learned good strategies for solving problems. By focusing directly on an equation, the student bypasses critical steps.

Novices in a particular field typically have not yet developed effective problem solving principles and strategies. Helping students identify their own problem